Urinary incontinence, also known as UI, is a common condition that involves the involuntary loss of urine. Although it is not usually a serious condition, UI can be embarrassing and affect a person's daily life. Urinary incontinence is most common in women, especially during and after pregnancy, but can affect people of all ages.
Urinary incontinence is often caused by a urinary tract infection or weak muscles in the urinary tract. Some medications may cause weak bladder muscles, therefore causing urinary incontinence. Weak muscles may prevent the closing off of the urethra, and doing certain activities may cause urine to leak. Normal urination involves emptying the bladder when the desire to urinate occurs, at which point the bladder contracts and flows out of the body. Once the bladder is empty, the muscles contract and urination stops. People with UI experience a disruption in this process that causes a loss of bladder control and results in troubling symptoms.
In addition to leaking urine, people with UI may also experience:
- Strong desire to urinate
- Pelvic pressure
- Frequent urination
- Nocturia, or the need to urinate at night while sleeping
- Painful urination
- Bed wetting
UI is a common condition with many treatment options that can relieve symptoms and allow patients to perform their regular activities without the embarrassment and worry of urinary leakage.
Having your medical history will help us accurately diagnose incontinence and determine if medication or surgical intervention is the most appropriate treatment. Referrals to a urologist also may be made.
These benign, smooth-muscle growths on the uterus may sometimes cause symptoms of pelvic pressure, pelvic pain and abnormal uterine bleeding. Treatment depends on the woman’s desire for preserving her fertility and may include injectable medication, surgical removal, hysterectomy and/or referrals to radiologists who provide special procedures to shrink fibroids.