What is Endometriosis?

By henley
November 15, 2021

Most women have heard of endometriosis. But most of those same women couldn’t tell you what it is. And, while endometriosis isn’t usually a dangerous condition for a woman, it can be painful. Plus, it can impact fertility. 

So, here’s Endometriosis 101 from your friends at Women’s Health Medical Group. 

What is endometriosis? 

Endometriosis occurs in many women during their childbearing years. The condition means that a type of tissue that lines the uterus is also found growing outside of your uterus. While not usually dangerous, this situation can cause pain and other problems. 

The clumps of tissue that grow outside of the uterus are called implants. They usually limit themselves to growing on the ovaries, fallopian tubes, the outer wall of the uterus, the intestines, and other organs in the belly area. 

So, what’s the big deal with endometriosis? 

The problem with these tissues that grow outside the uterus, but act like they are in the uterus, is that during your menstrual cycle they get thicker, and then break down and bleed. But since they’re outside the uterus, there’s no place for the blood to flow out of. This irritates the implants, and they get painful and scar tissue can form. That scar tissue can impact a woman’s ability to get pregnant. Lowered fertility is the main complication of endometriosis Approximately one-third to one-half of women with endometriosis have trouble getting pregnant. 

Symptoms 

Endometriosis symptoms vary from woman to woman but there are certain commonalties: 

  •     Pain. The pain will be located where the implants are growing. The pain may be there only before and during your periods, or it could be there all the time.
  •     Abnormal bleeding. Some women have heavy periods, spotting or bleeding between periods, bleeding after sex, or blood in their urine or stool.
  •     Difficulty getting pregnant (infertility). This is the only symptom some women have.

Treatment 

Our experts at the Women’s Health Medical Group will diagnose your endometriosis and will likely recommend a treatment plan that includes some or all of the following. 

  •     Anti-inflammatory drugs. These can reduce bleeding and pain.
  •     Birth control pills. These are used often to treat endometriosis, but, obviously, can’t be used for women trying to become pregnant.
  •     Hormone therapy. This stops a woman’s periods and shrinks implants. But, like birth control pills, this doesn’t do for women trying to become pregnant.
  •     Laparoscopy. This surgery with an endoscope that is inserted through a tiny incision removes implants and scar tissue. Laparoscopy reduces the pain and can help patients become pregnant.

Do you have symptoms of endometriosis? We need to hear from you. Call us at 817-346-5336 to schedule your appointment.

Endometriosis

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