Why Ovarian Cysts Can Cause Infertility

By content.team
January 15, 2024

Ovarian cystAs an internal condition affecting the function of the ovaries and uterus, ovarian cysts, when diagnosed, immediately trigger a question in patients about whether the ability to become pregnant is affected. Technically, they involve fluid-filled growth that starts on the ovary itself.

They are confirmed with either ultrasound or a similar internal imaging tool, and doctors tend to focus on evaluating the size of the cyst to determine its impact. Most times, an ovarian cyst doesn’t do much of anything, but if it does rupture, pain symptoms are very common in patients.

What Is a Cyst?

A cyst is a closed sac or pocket-like structure that can be filled with air, fluid, pus, or other semi-solid or solid materials. It can occur in various tissues of the body and may range in size from microscopic to large masses.

The Infertility Question

Generally, an ovarian cyst won’t be a cause of infertility. Like any condition, there are exceptions, but in the large majority of instances, the presence of a cyst does not trigger an inability to become pregnant. Instead, a cyst could be the cause of endometriosis. This is where a growth of tissue starts developing on the outside of the ovaries or uterus.

While this type of tissue is common in the uterus, growing outside of it can create complications. And cysts have been known to trigger the problem. Endometriosis is a known barrier to fertility and pregnancy.

Cyst Clustering

Where there are multiple cysts on an ovary, otherwise known as polycystic ovary syndrome, the condition can impact fertility. It’s one of the leading causes of the problem. In short, the cyst clustering impedes the ability of the ovary to develop mature eggs. Since that process doesn’t reach the full stage, it becomes impossible for the affected patient to achieve pregnancy with her eggs. It can also have a hormonal impact on progesterone production, triggering irregular cycles.

Obtaining Clarity on a Cyst Condition

Our team at Women's Health Medical Group, PA, can help confirm a patient’s status with a potential ovarian cyst. There's no need to deal with stress and anxiety, wondering what the impact might be. Call us today to schedule an appointment. We can be reached by phone at 817-346-5336 or online at our Women's Health Medical Group website.

Ovarian Cyst


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